PATIENTS TREATED FOR MALARIA
PATIENTS TREATED FOR MEASLES
CHILDREN VACCINATED AGAINST MEASLES
INFANT AND CHILD MORTALITY
deaths per 1,000 children
deaths per 100,000 births
The Democratic Republic of Congo, the second largest country in Africa, has for years been gripped by a dire humanitarian and health crisis. Violent conflicts over who should control the DRC’s rich natural resources began in the 1990s, causing major population movements and the destruction of health facilities and public services. The country has suffered recurrent outbreaks of cholera, measles, and malaria. The medical needs here are enormous; the country’s infant mortality rate is one of the highest in the world.
ALIMA began responding to outbreaks in Katanga Province in 2013. An emergency response team, RUSH, responds to medical, hygiene, and water-access emergencies related to epidemics and population displacement. RUSH also provides epidemiological surveillance in 23 health zones in Katanga, and in the event of an outbreak can deploy an evaluation team and begin response in 72 hours. RUSH led 18 investigations into 56 alerts/warnings between 2013 and 2015, launched ten interventions.
ALIMA also responded when a measles outbreak, the largest since 2011, was declared across practically the whole of Katanga Province in 2015. The outbreak, exacerbated by a failing health system and extremely low immunisation coverage, resulted in more than 20,000 officially reported cases, including 300 deaths. The effects are long-lasting: measles can damage a child’s nutritional condition.
There is also a very high incidence of malaria in Katanga, as across the country, where it remains the primary cause of mortality. In 2015, RUSH treated 47,726 people affected by malaria.